A sinus lift is a procedure used to increase the size and density of the maxilla. This surgery is required when there is not enough bone tissue to place dental implants such as crowns, bridges, or artificial molars in the back of the mouth. Sinus lift surgery involves:
- Cutting a space in the upper gum
- Manually repositioning the maxillary sinus above the cheek.
- Transplanting excess bone tissue to the jaw.
The procedure can usually be completed in less than two hours, and the patient is usually allowed to go home on the day of the operation. It has a high success rate and almost no risk of complications.
Not everyone who needs dental implants needs sinus shift surgery. Most people of all ages have enough natural bone tissue to implant the implant without manipulating the upper jaw properly. People who have been missing teeth for several years and the elderly are most likely to need this procedure. During the initial consultation, the dentist will perform X-ray examinations to determine the density of bone tissue and the size and location of the maxillary sinus. He or she can interpret the X-ray results and outline the risks and benefits of sinus lift surgery.