The earliest stage of gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is caused due to the inflammation of tissues surrounding your teeth. Poor dental hygiene is one of the main causes of gingivitis, and if not treated on time, the condition can eventually lead to severe periodontal issues. Some of the warning signs of gum problems include:
- Red and swollen gums.
- If you notice blood while brushing.
- The gums become tender.
- Bad taste and mouth odor.
Gingivitis is caused when plaque (mixture of food debris and saliva) forms on your gum line. Brushing your teeth can remove it, but the plaque hardens to form tartar if that is not done. The hard tartar can only be removed by professional cleaning.